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Jaw Pain: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Jaw pain may be sometimes a cause of concern, as it cripples the ability of a person to chew or talk,it can be unilateral or bilateral occurring usually in the early hours or during the day.However, there are many causes of jaw pain and it might occur even if there no pathology related to the jaw and it’s surrounding tissues, hence when trying to find remedy for a problem, it is essential to diagnose the reason that is generating the pain.

Sudden unilateral jaw pain may not be a serious issue, and does not call for an immediate treatment as,it might be tooth related,but in rare instances it might indicate a heart attack.One can distinguish it from jaw pain as heart pain will also be associated with pain and pressure in the chest area,shortness of breath and puking sensation.
Nothing is more annoying and irritating than experiencing jaw pain.Finding the root cause of jaw pain can be sometimes very demanding as jaw pain may be due to Muscles, jaw bones, teeth or areas of your body that you might not suspect like your ears, sinuses or even your heart. Pain is an expression where your body is trying to signal that something is wrong.

In this article, you will learn more about the symptoms, causes of jaw pain, and treatment options.

Jaw Pain:

Jaw pain is a sensation of pain or tenderness felt in or around the jaw. The jaw pain sometimes extends to the ears, neck, causes headaches and affects almost the entire face. The feeling can worsen when one chews or talks, but it can also occur when the jaw is at rest. Usually pain concentrates at the angle of jaw and can be sudden, temporary or chronic, depending on the underlying cause.Jaw pain may be due to any injury or damage to the blood vessels and nerves associated with it, the other causes being :

1) TMJ problems
2) Teeth related problems
3) Trigeminal neuralgia
4) sinusitis
5) Arthritis
6) sometimes may also indicate a coronary heart problem.

Jaw pain related to dentistry can be:

TMJ related, The Temporo mandibular joints are the two hinge joints connecting the jaws to the skull. The joint plays an important role and is responsible for controlling the opening and closing movements of the mouth. Of all the joints in the body, this is the most commonly used joint. Since the joints consist of muscles and tendons that surround the bones, soft tissue can become prey for wear and tear because of long-term use, this results in chronic jaw pain.

TMJ disorders, in turn, are caused by: -Frequent night grinding or clenching Injury to the jaw called Bruxism.

  • Dislocation of the joint
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Stress

Causes of jaw pain associated with teeth are:

Dental or oral health problems often cause pain on one side of the jaw, the basis can be

  • Cavities
  • Abscessed teeth
  • Erupting wisdom teeth
  • Gum disease or tooth decay
  • Missing or misaligned teeth
  • Tooth grinding or clenching

If the problem is tooth related, you may have symptoms such as:

  • Tooth pain
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Painful, bleeding gums
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Bad breath or persistent dry mouth
  • Pain when chewing or swallowing
  • Inability to open your mouth wide (or painful if you do)
  • Uneven bite
  • Dizziness
  • Hearing issues
  • Tinnitus, or ringing in the ears
  • Swelling on the face and fever.

Severe toothache can indicate an abscess. Contact a dentist immediately if these symptoms arise,especially if breathing and swallowing becomes difficult.

Who to see, and what types of treatment are available?

People with the jaw pain caused by teeth problems see a dentist for a diagnosis. The symptoms may be self limiting, if they arise due to stress to the TMJ,Doctors can use laser treatments to relieve pain and inflammation. This treatment involves applying low-intensity laser energy to the primary source of the problem, namely the joints or soft tissue surrounding it. The effectiveness of laser therapy for jaw pain depends very much on the right laser dose and its application in the right place on the jaw. Jaw pain leads to targeted pain in several other areas, and the doctor needs to determine the exact source of pain.

For other forms of therapy, to eliminate tooth-related problems, dentists usually prescribe:

  • The use of mouth protectors, for temporary conditions such as an injury
  • Root canal therapy
  • Tooth extraction
  • Orthodontics, if there is an existing bite problem
  • Tooth replacement
  • Periodontal or gum disease treatment, for gum-related issues
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Exercises
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Night guard to prevent night grinding habit.

Surgery is often only used as a last resort if all known treatments do not help. It is also used more often when a joint or bone is affected rather than just soft tissue.


One needs patience and perseverance to cure jaw pain, A qualified doctor can help you deal with this problem.Adherence to regular dental visits increases the likelihood that your dentist will detect the problem in the early stages. Make an appointment and meet the doctor at LBR Dental Implants, contact Dr. K. A. Reddy on +91-9849008623 for a free online consultation.

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